Recent advances in technology is now finally allowing us to be less invasive when we restore teeth, whether this be for function or aesthetics. We no longer have to destroy healthy tooth structure to accomplish our goals. This is called biomimetic dentistry. In my practice we use modern cements and ceramics to restore or enhance tooth structure. These ceramics can be up to 0.3mm thick, which is remarkable if compared to old porcelain crowns which were up to 2,5mm thick. This means that we have to sacrifice much less structure. The other challenge is misplaced or misaligned teeth. By utilizing short term adult orthodontics, we can move the teeth to a more favourable position before we prepare for ceramics, once again creating a situation in which we don’t have to remove tooth structure. As a result we are creating restorations that are less invasive, more durable and has a far more natural look. I believe biomimetic principles is essential for responsible cosmetic dentistry.
Biomimetic dentistry within restorative dentistry focuses on returning all of the prepared dental tissues to full function through the creation of hard-tissue bonds that allow functional stresses to pass through the tooth, drawing the entire crown into the final functional biologic and aesthetic result.
It’s believed that in dentistry there is no one material that has the same physical, mechanical and visual properties as tooth structure.
The utilization of biomimetic therapeutic approaches, allow dentists to improve and become closer to natural biological structures and their function. Biomimetic dentistry has two distinct approaches, purist and descriptive. The purist approach focuses on recreating biological tissues, while the descriptive perspective focuses on using materials that result in a mimicked biological effect. Both approaches share the goal in achieving aesthetic and functional dentistry.
Biomimetics is the application of methods and systems to artificially replace biological elements, in order to recreate optimal health.
Dentists that practice aesthetic restorative dentistry are able to achieve biomimetic results with cosmetic dentistry. Utilising these techniques and materials are crucial within modern dentistry, as they combine a focus on dental health and appearance. It’s imperative that biomimetic materials match the part of the tooth that is being replaced, in a few ways, including the modulus of elasticity and the function of the respective areas.
McMahon, Susan M., and Emily Evron. “Biomimetic Principles Applied to Cosmetic Dentistry.” Cosmetic Tribune U.S. Edition 4.7 (2011): n. pag. July 2011. Web.