Finding out that you have a gum disease can be fairly troubling, especially if you know and understand the seriousness of this condition. The two main stages of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis, with periodontitis being the most severe stage. Fortunately, there are several ways of treating the disease, thanks to the advancements in modern dental techniques.
Periodontitis is a serious condition, whereby the inflammation of the gums reaches deep into the gum, affecting the bone around the tooth as well as the ligaments that support the tooth. With periodontitis, your gums will recede, pulling away from the teeth to create pockets that allow bacteria to thrive.
An effective procedure used to treat periodontitis is scaling and polishing. Scaling and polishing is a nonsurgical treatment that involves professional gum cleaning, to clean out the gum pockets around your teeth. Scaling and polishing encourage the gum tissue to tighten itself around your teeth, decreasing the risk of a reinfection. It may also be carried out as part of an ongoing treatment plan for patients who have periodontitis, however, for severe cases of periodontitis, more advanced treatments may be recommended. Those procedures are surgical and may involve the use of a dental laser.
Gingivitis is a relatively mild form of gum disease that can be completely eradicated with proper treatments. Although the inflammation is still in its earliest stage, gingivitis increasing the possibility of bleeding gums whenever you floss or brush your teeth.
Gingivitis can be successfully treated with a professional cleaning of your teeth that involves the removal of tartar. By removing the tartar, you will get rid of the bacteria that is causing the inflammation of your gums, allowing your gums to heal. You will also need to develop good oral hygiene habits, as this enables the bleeding to stop after a few weeks.
If you think that you might have a form of gum disease, contact a dentist in Cape Town who will give you many reasons to smile by offering the latest procedures and techniques to effectively treat gum disease.